Divide and rule in british raj one of the finest examples of this in recent history is under the british raj in india the partition of the indian sub-continent stemmed not from the demographic makeup of the region, but from the divide and rule policy employed by the british crown. The partition of india was the most significant event in the history of india its chief reason was the antic thinking of the muslims and their communalism but the circumstances under which it occurred made it one of the saddest events of the history of india. Partition of bengal, (1905), division of bengal carried out by the british viceroy in india, lord curzon, despite strong indian nationalist oppositionit began a transformation of the indian national congress from a middle-class pressure group into a nationwide mass movement. Secondly the british did have a (big)role in the partition of india by using communal sentiments to weaken the national movement lead by the indian national congress (which was wholly secular in its outlook), however the actual idea of partition was not of british origin. The british raj (/ r ɑː dʒ / from rāj, literally, rule in hindustani) was the rule by the british crown in the indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947 the rule is also called crown rule in india, or direct rule in india the region under british control was commonly called british india or simply india in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the united.
The partition of 1947 was inevitable essay example 1540 words | 7 pages was the 1947 partition of india inevitable in august of 2012, the nations of india and pakistan celebrated their 65th year of independence from the british raj. The partition of india left both india and pakistan devastated the process of partition claimed many lives in riots, rapes, murders, and looting women, especially, were used as instruments of power by the hindus and the muslims. The partition led to one of the largest migrations in history, as many moved from india to pakistan and vice-versa it displaced 15 million people, and killed more than one million.
The intention was to prove that if the congress party did not agree to partition, all of british india would be engulfed by civil war this action turned hindus and muslim neighbours into enemies and caused a cycle of death, revenge and further destruction. The partition of india at the end of 350 years of british rule in 1947 resulted in riots, looting, murders and a flood of 15 million refugees the division of the former british possession into the countries of pakistan and india led to conflicts and boundary issues that have existed into the 21st century. The indian independence movement was a movement from 1857 until 15 august 1947, when india got independence from the british raj the movement spanned a total of 90 years (1857–1947) the movement spanned a total of 90 years (1857–1947.
What was the effect of the partition of india, 1947 on delhi update cancel answer wiki calcutta was declared the capital of british india to prevent any subsequent uprising and delhi territory had become a part of the punjab province did the 1947 partition of india had any effect on french and portuguese india. As citizens of india and pakistan celebrate 71 years of their independence on august 15, they will also remember 1947 as the momentous year of their simultaneous birth that year, the british quit. Mohandas karamchand gandhi is known as mahatma meaning ‘great soul’ he was an astute political campaigner who fought for indian independence from british rule and for the rights of the indian. August 15, 1947 marked the day of the end of the 200 year long british rule and saw the partition of india into muslim controlled pakistan and hindu dominated india the vivisection of india, to quote mahatma gandhi, along religious lines resulted in one of the greatest tragedies of the century. Reasons for partition india and pakistan won independence in august 1947, following a nationalist struggle lasting nearly three decades it set a vital precedent for the negotiated winding up of.
2 why did the british partition of india cause a refugee crisis please select from the options a or b only a the british government closed all borders between pakistan and india. Did british really cause the partition of india or whether it was responsible for unification of india into two units ( three units if you consider burma as a part of india & separated in 1937) a lot of quorans work in corporates and under tight work pressures. The partition of india up until 1947, the region of south asia was united as india and was controlled by imperialistic great britainthis region was called the jewel in britain's crown and was fairly stable however, the partition of 1947 marked a turning point in history and the end of british rule in india. Article shared by circumstances leading to partition of india in 1947 the muslim league and mr jinnah were bent upon having pakistan, as a separate nation for muslims they conspired with british government to divide india into india and pakistan. The british left india in 1947 due to many problems such as economic ,revolts and international situations the economic situation was britain was in debt to india at roughly £3 billion with a.
The partition of the punjab in mid-august 1947 took place as part of a negotiated settlement brokered by the british between the indian national congress, the all-india muslim league and the sikhs. The partition of india was a partition that led to the creation on 14 august 1947 and 15 august 1947, respectively, of the sovereign states of the dominion of pakistan (later islamic republic of pakistan) and union of india (later republic of india) upon becoming free from british rule. The partition of india was the process of dividing the subcontinent along sectarian lines, which took place in 1947 as india gained its independence from the british rajthe northern, predominantly muslim sections of india became the nation of pakistan, while the southern and majority hindu section became the republic of india.
1 it has long been the policy of successive british governments to work towards the realisation of self government in india in pursuance of this policy an increasing measure of responsibility has been devolved on indians and today the civil administration and the indian armed forces rely to a very. Whereas british rule in india had long been marked by violent revolts and brutal suppressions, the british army was able to march out of the country with barely a shot fired and only seven casualties.
The different missions sent to india which supported the muslim leaguethe policy of divide and rule followed by the britishthe communal riots which had broken inside the countrythe indian. The partition of india a moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. The opinion in india had grown hostile to the british government after 1945 the people, the army, the navy and the police were up in arms against the government and openly defied its authority.